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Floating Pontoon Dock Factory Introduces The Classification Of Docks

Update:03-11-2020
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Floating Pontoon Dock Factory introduces the pier accor […]

Floating Pontoon Dock Factory introduces the pier according to the plane contour can be divided into five types: along the shore, jetty, pier, island, and mooring float.

①Shunan Wharf: The front line of the wharf is parallel to the land bank of the river or the harbor basin. It is convenient for ships to dock, the rear land area can be used for expansion, and the land transportation line is easy to introduce. It is suitable for natural rivers with high flow velocity and wide land area.

② Jetty Wharf: A wharf extending from the land bank to the water. Both sides and ends of the jetty can be moored to ships, and more berths can be arranged within a limited shoreline length. With the improvement of loading and unloading technology, the narrow jetty has too small a land area to meet the needs of operation and stacking of goods. Nowadays, wide jetty terminals are mostly used.

③ Pier-type wharf: In the water area, build several independent piers and abutments for ships to anchor. The piers and abutments are connected by connecting bridges, and the piers and the land bank are connected by approach bridges. Pipes or belt conveyors are laid on the approach bridges to transport goods. This kind of terminal is mainly used for loading and unloading oil, bulk grain, coal, and ore. Pier-style wharves can be built in deep water without dredging and filling works.

④Island wharf: built-in deep water in the open sea, formed by independent piers. The wharf is not connected to the shore, and it is generally used by large oil tankers to dock and load and unload oil through subsea pipelines.

⑤ Mooring buoys: buoys installed in the sheltered harbor basin and deep water in the open sea for mooring and water operations. Mooring methods are divided into single-point mooring and multi-point mooring. The former means that the ship is tied to one buoy and the latter is tied to multiple buoys. Ships moored to the mooring buoys in the harbor basin usually carry out water transfer operations. Today, the offshore mooring buoys are mainly used for large oil tankers to moor and load and unload oil. Oil is transported ashore from oil tankers via floating hoses, vertical axis tubes of buoys, and subsea pipelines, or conversely transported from shore to ships.

 

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